- Latin Name: Centaurea cyanus
- Life Cycle: Annual
- Days to Maturity: 75
- Planting Depth: 10 seeds 5 mm deep or broadcast directly
- Plant Spacing: 15-20 cm
- Growth Habit: 60-90 cm tall
Bachelor’s buttons, also known as cornflowers, add a variety of pleasant colours to the summer garden. Bachelor’s buttons are native to Europe but have naturalized on the American continents.
A vigorously growing annual will self-seed if left to overwinter in the garden. The hardy, drought resistant plant features tall stalks, attractive foliage and delicate, yet vibrant, flowers.
Seeds will do best sown directly, but can be started indoors to get a head start on the season. Indoors, start seeds a couple weeks before the last frost date and plant in flats or individual pots and press the seeds gently into the surface. Seeds should not be covered, they need access to light to germinate. Mist the seeds and keep them moist through the germination process. Seeds should sprout in seven to ten days.
Bachelor’s buttons do best in hot weather, so don’t rush to move them outside before temperatures are reliably warm. Choose a site that receives full sun and has well-drained soil. Cornflowers can be susceptible to rusts and rots if they stand in wet soil for too long.
They can be planted in containers if you’re worried about them spreading in your garden beds. Deadheading will have to be kept up with if you don’t want a whole bunch of cornflowers sprouting in a particular area. They self-seed quite readily and do well grown en masse in meadow settings if the area is cultivated and weeded consistently.
When young plants reach 12-18 cm tall, apply a thin layer of mulch to help retain moisture at this crucial stage. Once established, cornflowers will become much more resistant to drought conditions. Cut flowers often to encourage stockier plants that will continue blooming. Deadhead spent blooms to save seed or to prevent spring seedlings from taking over the area next year.
The brightly coloured tufts of petals are edible and work great in flower beds, borders, ornamentally, in meadows and as cut flowers in arrangements. Bachelor’s buttons will look fantastic anywhere on your property and will boost the health of its ecosystem by drawing in beneficial species and pollinators, like birds, butterflies and bees.
- Bachelor’s Button, also known as ‘’Cornflower,’’ is originally native to Europe and was introduced to England and Ireland as early as the Iron Age, in 1000 BCE. The popularity of the flowers spread quickly to Asia and Africa, with the Ancient Egyptians making extensive use of its flowers.
- During the Victorian times, single men would often wear a Cornflower in the buttonhole of their suit when they were courting women, signifying love and availability.
- Used extensively in fabric dying and for making everlasting bouquets, Bachelor’s Button was introduced to the USA in the 1600s and it quickly naturalized across the continent.
- Bachelor’s Button Cornflower used to grow like weeds in the corn and grain fields of Europe, hence the name. Cornflower is now endangered in its native European habitat due to agricultural intensification and over-use of herbicides.
- Bachelor's button seeds will remain viable for 3 years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down.
OUR SEED GUARANTEE
You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.
Picked and bagged for 2023 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.
We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.
We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!