First released in 1950 in Beltsville, Maryland, this heirloom is considered one of the best bush beans for canning and freezing or eating fresh from the garden. Topcrop bean get its name from consistently producing high yields of concentrated 6-7-inch stringless pods that develop near the top of the plants, making them very easy to harvest. This variety has particularly rapid seed development, so it is better to harvest the small crispy beans on the early side.
- Row Spacing: 50-90 cm
Pole beans and bush beans are tender annual vegetables beloved by many. This iconic summer crop can be easily and practically grown in the home garden. Sow seeds directly into the garden when soil temperatures reach at least 10-15°C and after the danger of the last frost has passed. Do not start seeds early; transplanting can too easily damage the fragile root system.
Choose a sunny well-drained site to plant your beans. Because pole beans utilize their vines to grow vertically they will need support structures, such as stakes, a trellis or fencing installed before planting. Plant pole beans about 2 cm deep and 8 cm apart. Plant bush beans every 8 cm in rows about 45 cm apart. In order to have a continual harvest throughout the season, start new plantings every two weeks.
Beans fix nitrogen from the atmosphere into the soil, therefore do not need much supplemental fertilizing, though a dose of compost after a heavy flowering would be a nice midseason pick-me-up. It’s a good idea to rotate the location of your beans from year to year so that other crops can take advantage of their nitrogen deposits.
Be sure that your beans stay well-watered. If not, they will cease flowering. For this reason, rows of beans will benefit from the application of mulch around the base of the plants. This helps keep their shallow root base moist and cool. When pole beans outgrow their support, pinch out the top of the plants to encourage lower growth.
Harvest beans when they are young and tender. The best time of day to pick is in the morning, when the sugar content is highest. Pick as often as possible, as this will promote a more bountiful harvest.
- Beans in their wild state were first gathered in Afghanistan and the Himalayan foothills over 12,000 years ago. The first signs of cultivation of the beans were in Asia in 7,000 BCE and the first large-seeded broad beans varieties appeared in 2,000 BCE in ancient Egypt. A few varieties of beans were also already cultivated when the Europeans first came to America.
- There are four main types of beans: 1-Pole beans are a vining plant that needs a structure to climb, like a trellis or a fence. 2- Bush beans, on the other hand, are shorter and freestanding. 3- Snap beans can be eaten raw, with the pod. 4- Shell beans are meant to be opened up, so the seeds inside can be eaten.
- Bean seeds will remain viable for 3 years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down.
OUR SEED GUARANTEE
You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.
Picked and bagged for 2023 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.
We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.
We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!
Very fast shipping and outstanding packagi...
Very fast shipping and outstanding packaging. Very happy with purchase