Late Flat Dutch Cabbage Seeds


Late flat Dutch is an heirloom variety that was brought to North America by European settlers in the mid-1800s. Also known as Drumhead and Surehead, this cabbage certainly lives up to its common names. It is the best choice among late season varieties because of its heavy flat-topped heads.

The large, oval heads grow low and have a short interior core. Heads get to be 30 cm in diameter and can weigh more than 7 kilograms. About 100 days from transplanting, late flat Dutch is ready to harvest. 

Renowned for its excellent cabbage flavour, late flat Dutch is a reliable and versatile heavy-yielding cabbage. The broad, soft wrapper leaves have been traditionally cut and used as fresh greens. The large heads work well in many culinary applications. They can be consumed raw, boiled, added to soups and stews or made into big batches of coleslaw and sauerkraut. 

Cabbage aficionados will never be disappointed by this reliable and durable heritage variety. 

- Latin Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata
- Days to Maturity: 90-100
- Life Cycle: Biennal, usually grown as an annual
- Canada Hardiness Zone: Annual 2-9 / Biennal 7-9
- Start Indoors or Cold Frame: 4-6 weeks before final spring frost
- Seeds Per 5 cm Cell: 2 or 3-4 seeds every 5 cm in row flats
- Planting Depth: 1 cm
- Days to Germination: 3-14
- Germination Optimal Soil Temperature: 28-32°C
- Seedlings Optminal Daytime Temperature: 16°C
- Days from transplanting to mature crop: 50
- Transplant Seedlings: 30-45 cm apart
- Direct Sowing: 4 months before expected fall frost
- Seed Spacing: 3-4 seeds every 30 cm
- Thinning Seedlings: Progressively until 30-45 cm apart
- Row Spacing: 45-90 cm
- Plant Height: 30-40 cm
- Harvest: Young heads that are still growing store best
- Average Seeds Needed Per 10 m Row: 100
- Average Yield Per 10 m Row: 50 lb. / 20 heads


Growing your own cabbage patch is quite a satisfying deed. It is cheap enough at the market, but nothing beats fresh homegrown. Cabbage has myriad of uses and health benefits.

Start seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before the date of the last spring frost. Plant the seeds into flats about 1 cm deep and 2 cm apart. While inside, keep seeds moist, warm and well lit.

Cabbage will do best in long cool growing seasons. It can tolerate frost and temporary temperatures down to -6°C, but will bolt and seed in temperatures above 26°C. Transplant seedlings into the garden when they are 10-15 cm tall. Space them about 45-60 cm in rows 60-90 cm apart. Harden off young plants for a couple weeks to acclimate them to the sun and then transplant as early as 3 weeks before the last frost is expected.

If your region experiences cool summers, seeds can be sown directly in late spring for a fall harvest. Give cabbage 3-5 cm of water/week but decrease that amount close to harvest time to prevent the heads from splitting. Mulch around cabbages and feed every 2 weeks with a mild nitrogen fertilizer.

The heads will be ready to harvest anywhere from 80-160 days depending on the variety. Cut the heads in spring before the weather gets too warm. In the late fall and winter, they will withstand a snow cover and taste sweeter and crispier having been exposed to the elements and cold. The ideal head is firm and 10-25 cm around the base. Cabbage stores very well. Enjoy yours raw, boiled or fermented. Any preparation will be full of flavour and nutrition!


- The cabbage was first domesticated in Europe around 1000 BCE, although Savoys were not developed until the 16th century. During the middle ages, cabbage became a prominent part of European cuisine.

- Cabbage is a cold-resistant vegetable, making it a versatile choice for northern growers.

- To get two crops, leave some of the bottom leaves when harvesting the main head, then treat it as a new plant. Three to six baseball-size sub-heads will grow around the rim of the original plant's stub. Mini cabbages are preferred by many chefs because of their extra tender texture and tasty mild flavor. 

- Cabbage seeds will remain viable for 4 years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down. 


You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.

Picked and bagged for 2024 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.

We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.

We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!