Dwarf Mix Columbine Seeds

$2.29

Native to Europe, Dwarf columbines can be found growing wild in mountain pastures, slopes, rocky places and woodlands. Dwarf columbines are a perennial in Canada in zones 4-9, so they will propagate for years and will also spread by self-seeding. Dwarf columbines will need very little care once established and they tolerate a wide range of soils if they are well-draining.

Dwarf columbine is a clump-forming plant that will remain short, growing to only 10 to 18 inches. The blooming plants bear delicate, downward-facing, two-toned flowers that comes in a colourful mixture of red, pink, white and violet. Dwarf columbines makes beautiful fresh-cut bouquets, and the edible flowers make a stunning garnish for your favourite summer dishes. 

 

- Latin Name: Aquilegia vulgaris
- Life Cycle: Perennial 
- Canada Hardiness Zone: 4-9
- Days to Maturity: Second-year 
- Planting Depth: 3-4 seeds 3-4 mm deep or broadcast directly
- Plant Spacing: 45-60 cm
- Growth Habit:  30-45 cm tall

GROWING INSTRUCTIONS

Popular for their unmistakable beauty and ease of care, columbines never disappoint. Once established, the perennial plant will produce flowers for years while continually self-seeding. Most varieties of columbines typically bloom from the middle of spring into the summer. Although the flowers exude a tender elegance, they are actually quite resilient to cold weather, drought and wildlife. Best yet, the beautiful blooms draw in bees, hummingbirds and butterflies.

When starting columbine from seed, it may take up to two years for plants to bloom, but the subsequent years of delightful flowers will be worth the effort. A cold stratification period of three to four weeks will prepare seeds for the germination process. Put them in the refrigerator up to a month before planting time.

Seeds can be started indoors eight to ten weeks before the last spring frost, or directly sown into the garden in the spring. Indoors, press seeds into a moist, warm seed-starting mix, but do not cover. Columbine seeds require light to germinate, about 16 hours per day. A grow light will be necessary to achieve this indoors during early spring months. 

Seeds usually take up to 30 days to germinate, so it will be necessary to have patience. When seedlings develop true leaves and reach 10 cm in height, they can be repotted into larger containers. Move them outside on warm days in late spring to harden off before transplanting into the garden. Space transplants or thin seedlings 45-60 cm apart and keep them well watered until established.

Columbine will tolerate full sun in cool climates, but partial shade is preferable to get the best results. Their flowering window is short and when the blooms fade, a break from the sun is greatly appreciated. Cool temperatures will lead to more flowers, whereas excessive heat can cause a plant to go dormant.

A light, sandy or loamy soil will work well for columbines. Soil should also be well-drained. Plants can be mulched to retain water, suppress weeds and keep roots cool. To promote dense foliage and bright flowers, columbine can be fed monthly with a liquid fertilizer of your choice.

Stay on top of deadheading to encourage new buds to emerge along the stems. If tended to regularly, this can extend the blooming multiple weeks into the summer. In the fall, plants should be cut to the ground and mulched to protect them from freezing temperatures in the winter.

When harvesting for cut flower displays, take the bloom when it is half open. Flowers will last about a week in a vase. 

QUICK FACTS

- The name Columbine comes from the Latin word Columba, meaning dove-like.

- Columbine flowers are edible and have a sweet flavour.

- Columbine seeds will remain viable for two years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down.

OUR SEED GUARANTEE

You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.

Picked and bagged for 2023 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.

We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.

We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!

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FL
07/10/2022
Fred L.
Canada Canada

Je suis bien content de l'article et un tr...

Je suis bien content de l'article et un très bon service. Merci au vendeur.

FL
07/10/2022
Fred L.
Canada

Je suis bien content de l'article et un tr...

Je suis bien content de l'article et un très bon service. Merci au vendeur.