Spanish peanuts, despite their name, originated in South America and were later introduced to Spain by explorers in the 15th century. They have been enjoyed for their distinct flavour and high oil content since ancient times. Spanish peanuts are cherished for their smaller size, red skins, and rich, robust taste.
The plants require a sunny location and well-drained soil, and they appreciate the warm summer temperatures that most regions of Canada can provide. Typically, Spanish peanuts mature in about 120 to 130 days.
Spanish peanuts are a popular choice for gourmet snacks, peanut butter, and sweet treats due to their excellent roasting quality and high oil content.
- Latin Name: Arachis Hypogaea
- Days to Maturity: 120-140
- Life Cycle: Annual
- Canada Hardiness Zone: 9
- Start Indoors or Cold Frame: 4-6 weeks before last spring frost
- Direct Sowing: After last spring frost
- Planting Depth: 2-4 cm
- Days to Germination: 5-12
- Optimal Soil Temperature During Germination: 18-21°C
- Seed Spacing: 10-15 cm
- Thinning Seedlings: 20-30 cm apart
- Row Spacing: 90-120 cm
- Plant Height: 30-40 cm
- Average Seeds Needed Per 10 m Row: 75
- Average Yield Per 10 m Row: 1-2 lb.
Perfectly snackable peanuts can be grown right at home started from seed. The popular “nut,” commonly crushed into butter and enjoyed at ballgames is actually not a nut at all but a legume, related to beans and peas. Typically grown in warmer climates like the southern US, with the right care peanuts can be cultivated in colder regions as well.
Because of their long growing season, peanuts can be started indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost date. If planting outdoors, seed directly into a south-facing slope, after all danger of frost has passed.
To start seeds indoors, fill a large container with potting soil to a depth of about 10 cm. Peanuts develop under the surface of the soil so make sure they have enough space to grow. Place 3-4 seeds on the surface of the soil and cover them with 3 cm of soil. Water the seeds well and maintain even moisture throughout germination and the seedling phase. Provided seeds receive about 8 hours of light per day, they should sprout and grow quickly. Peanuts can be kept inside permanently as an indoor plant, or transplanted outside in the garden.
After the danger of frost has passed, and the soil has warmed to at least 18 degrees, seedlings can be transplanted outside in a sunny location. Use a raised bed, organic mulch or clear plastic to help the soil warm up more quickly in the spring. Seedlings should be spaced about 20 cm apart in well-drained soil. Compost and sand can be added to help loosen up the planting site.
When plants are 15 cm tall, gently cultivate the soil, loosening it for easy entry of the developing pegs. The plants can then be hilled like potatoes and a layer of mulch should be applied to protect the roots. Along the base of the stem small, yellow flowers will form and eventually fade, transforming into swollen pods. The pods will reach toward the ground and plant themselves into the earth.
Plants are harvested all at once as they fade and turn yellow. Before a frost hits, use a garden fork to pry it out from under the roots. Carefully shake out all the loose soil and hang the plant in a sheltered place for about a month to dry. Then, separate the peanut pods from the stems. At this point, they’re ready to be stored for future use or eaten straight away!
The nuts can be eaten raw or roasted in the oven, shelled or unshelled, at 175 degrees for 20 minutes.
- George Washington Carver significantly revolutionized agriculture with his work on peanuts. Carver was a pioneering agricultural scientist and inventor born into slavery during the American Civil War. Rising against considerable adversity, he dedicated his life to teaching farmers, especially in the South, sustainable farming practices that enriched the soil and provided food and commodities for self-sufficiency.
During a time when cotton crops were depleting Southern soils, he championed peanuts as an alternative crop. Peanuts had the dual benefit of restoring nitrogen to the soil and providing a new source of food and other products.
He is perhaps most famous for his bulletin, "How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of Preparing it for Human Consumption," published in 1916. This guide gave farmers valuable advice about peanut cultivation and introduced numerous recipes, transforming the perception of peanuts across the United States.
- Peanuts are unique as they flower above the ground, but fruit below the soil. After flowering, their stems, called pegs, extend down into the soil where the peanuts develop.
- Despite the name, peanuts are not actually nuts. They are legumes, more closely related to beans and peas.
- Peanut seeds will remain viable for three years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down.
OUR SEED GUARANTEE
You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.
Picked and bagged for 2024 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.
We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.
We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!