Rosemary has become a staple in many kitchens around the world for its medicinal and culinary properties. This woody perennial will reach its maturity in the second year and will perform for 15-20 years if planted in Canadian hardiness zones 7-9 with some winter protection or if it is sheltered in a garage or a garden shed during the coldest months.
The plants can reach 2-3 feet tall in good conditions and can even become an evergreen shrub of 3-5 feet tall in warmer climates. This oil-rich herb is quite persistent in the garden, but it needs a reliable drainage system, otherwise the roots might rot, which is why rosemary is an excellent choice for container growing.
Foliage is greenish-gray and the tiny flowers that range from white to blue are quite attractive to honeybees and other beneficial pollinators. The thin, conifer-like needles retain their aromas for a long time after harvest and pair really well with soups, salads, stews and roasts. Rosemary is also used for popular fragrant oil that is often used in soaps and aromatherapy.
- Latin Name: Salvia rosmarinus
- Life Cycle: Annual, Perennial in zones 7-9
- Canada Hardiness Zone: 7-9
- Days to Maturity: 65-70
- Planting Depth: 5 mm
- Plant Spacing: 50-100 cm
- Growth Habit: 30-90 cm tall
One of the most widely used and recognized culinary herbs is the evergreen perennial rosemary. The distinct flavour and fragrance combines well with other seasonings to complement a wide variety of dishes.
Start seeds indoors 10-12 weeks before the last frost date under fluorescent lights in a loose seed starting mix. Because of its poor germination rate, be sure to sow plenty of seed at a depth of 5 mm. If soil is kept at 18 degrees, seeds should germinate in about 21 days.
Transplant seedlings outside after the last spring frost has passed. Rosemary should be grown in the warmest and sunniest location possible. Poor soil can be tolerated if it is very well-drained. Space plants 50-100 cm apart to give them plenty of room to grow. Rosemary pairs well with lavender and sage and its strong fragrance will repel many pests. Keep the soil moist while it is getting established. Afterwards, let the area dry out a bit between waterings.
To harvest, take 10-15 cm cuttings from the tips of branches as needed. Do not prune more than one third of the plant at any given time, a hard cutting will stress the plant. Rosemary may not overwinter as well as a perennial in extremely cold climates, but containers of the herb can be taken inside and kept under fluorescent lights during harsh winters.
- Rosemary gets its name from Rosmarinus officinalis, from the latin words ros (dew) and maris (from the sea).
- The Ancient Greeks believed rosemary to be a memory aid, students would often wear a branch in their hair.
- The Romans used rosemary to aromatize wine.
- For a long time, rosemary was used to kill germs and disinfect, it would be burned in the rooms of sick people.
- Rosemary seeds will remain viable for 2 years if stored in a cool, dark place, ideally between 4 and 10⁰C. After that, the germination rate may start to go down.
OUR SEED GUARANTEE
You know that a lush, fruitful garden needs good soil, frequent watering, and sunlight to grow, but it’s the seeds that really make the harvest.
Picked and bagged for 2023 the vast majority of our seeds have germination rates of over 85%. The seeds are all-natural, non-GMO, non-hybrid, untreated, and open-pollinated for seed saving.
We have put a lot of thoughts into the design and packaging of our seed packets. Our seeds are all carefully packed in food grade kraft paper/aluminium zipper lock bags, and then are shipped in eco-friendly padded mailers.
We heat-seal each of our seed packet for even more protection from moisture, odour and light, allowing you to store your seeds for up to 3x longer than paper or plastic. Plant them all, germinate some indoors, save some for next season - it’s up to you!
These seeds are going to make an amazing C...
These seeds are going to make an amazing Christmas gift for my best friend. This shop has a great variety of unusual seeds, and I was surprised by an extra pack of poppies! Thank you.
always happy with my purchase from this se...
always happy with my purchase from this seller
Fast shipping and seeds are growing! So ha...
Fast shipping and seeds are growing! So happy thanks!
Really excellent shop! The packaging on th...
Really excellent shop! The packaging on their seeds is professional and really pretty looking! I loved the free seeds too! Top notch service!! I've actually sewn these seeds and have, miraculously had 100% success with them. Rosemary is hard!
Germinated really quickly, which is not co...
Germinated really quickly, which is not common for rosemary. Thank you!